The COVID-inspired surge in illicit trade — fake pharma, counterfeit products, and stolen goods — has also led to an increase in the underground network’s most insidious profit center: Human trafficking.

The same organized crime organizations that smuggle fentanyl across the southern border and send gangs to rob high-end stores for goods to sell online are also trafficking in people, law enforcement groups say. Some across the border, some groomed over the internet and lured into prostitution.

January is National Human Trafficking Prevention Month. President Joe Biden reaffirmed his administration’s commitment to the cause earlier this month.

“Since human trafficking disproportionately impacts racial and ethnic minorities, women and girls, LGBTQI+ individuals, vulnerable migrants, and other historically marginalized and underserved communities, our mission to combat human trafficking must always be connected to our broader efforts to advance equity and justice across our society,” Biden said.

During a recent summit on illicit trade hosted by United to Safeguard America from Illegal Trade (USA-IT), law enforcement and industry organizations hosted a roundtable on the connections between human trafficking and other forms of illegal trade. Human trafficking generates estimated annual global profits of $150 billion, according to a report by the Department of Homeland Security. An estimated 25 million people worldwide fall victim, with 20 percent of victims in the sex trade.

In 2021, 66 percent of victims in U.S. sex trafficking cases were minors, according to a report published by the Human Trafficking Institute.

As a co-founder of the non-profit Awaken — an organization dedicated to assisting women and children victimized by sexual exploitation in Reno, Nev., Melissa Holland said legal prostitution enables the problem of the illicit trade.

“We’re a sex tourism state,” Holland told the USA-IT roundtable. “Traffickers actually love that there’s legalized prostitution in Nevada, and they find out that the laws have already done half the work of grooming for them.”

According to Awaken, Nevada’s illegal sex trade is 63 percent higher than the next highest state, New York. It is also ranked in the top 10 states for trafficked and exploited youth. The Center for Crime and Justice Policy reported in 2017 that sex trafficking in Nevada was 18 percent higher than the national average.

The South Florida Sun Sentinel reported that more than 14,000 citations have been issued to Florida’s 6,669 hotels after violating a 2019 law meant to deter sex trafficking.

And this is not a new trend. Since 2000, traffickers have found 55 percent of their victims online, usually through social media platforms, online chat rooms, dating apps, and classified advertisements.

Late last year, Biden signed the “Countering Human Trafficking Act of 2022” — a bipartisan bill authorizing $14 million for the Department of Homeland Security’s Center for Countering Human Trafficking. The legislation also ensures that the CCHT is staffed with at least 45 employees.

Last year, CCHT helped secure more than 3,600 arrests and 600 convictions. That was a more than 50 percent increase in human trafficking arrests and a more than 75 percent increase in human trafficking convicts from the previous year, the Department of Homeland Security reported.

There was an uptick in sex trafficking activity during the last time Phoenix hosted the Superbowl in 2015, said Kim Grace Sabow, president and CEO of the Arizona Lodging and Tourism Association.

“These bad actors are attracted to great destinations, mega-events, and these bad actors are just following the money,” Sabow said.